(23rd July 1906 - 27th February 1931)
Dushman ki goliyon ka hum samna karenge,
Azad hee rahein hain, azad hee rahenge
Innumerable brave and innocent breathe away for the freedom of our homeland. True stories struggle of freedom fighters has the potential to instill self respect and pride for our country because they were true stories and not just a myth. We must narrate the tales of these freedom fighters and their struggles again and again to our kids and instill self respect and pride for the country.
Indian has produced a plethora of great leaders. Some of them like Chandershekhar Azad have played a vital part in Indian freedom struggle. The simplicity, courage, perseverance, and fortitude of these leaders should be a source of inspiration for the youths of today.
February 27th. The significance of this date lies in the fact that on that day in the year 1931 a valiant patriot by the name of Chandrasekhar Azad attained martyrdom while fighting the British so that we Indians could rejoice in freedom. The violence perpetrated by the British infuriated him to such an extent that he turned a revolutionary. He was truly a One-Man Army.
Chandershekhar believed that his Dharma was to fight for the Nation. He said a soldier never relinquishes his weapon. Chandershekhar was involved in the Kakori Train Robbery (1926), in the attempt to blow up the Viceroy's train (1926), and in the shooting of Saunders at Lahore (1928) to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai. He formed the 'Hindustan Socialist Republican Association'. He was an ideal for revolutionaries such as Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Batukeshwar Dutt, and Rajguru. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, he was first among many Indian revolutionaries to use arms in their fight for independence against the British rulers.
Chandrashekhar Azad was deeply troubled by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in Amritsar in 1919. In 1921, when Mahatma Gandhi launched Non-Cooperation movement, Chandrasekhar Azad actively participated in revolutionary activities. He received his first punishment at the age of fifteen. Chandra Shekhar was caught while indulging in revolutionary activities. When the magistrate asked him his name, he said "Azad" (meaning free). From then on Chandrasekhar assumed the title of Azad and came to known as Chandrasekhar Azad. Chandrasekhar Azad was sentenced to fifteen lashes. With each stroke of the whip the young Chandrasekhar shouted "Bart Mata Kid Jai". Chandrasekhar Azad vowed that he would never be arrested by the British police and would die as free man.
Chandrasekhar Azad was a terror for British police. He was on their hit list and the British police badly wanted to capture him dead or alive. On February 27, 1931 Chandrasekhar Azad met two of his comrades at the Alfred Park Allahabad. He was betrayed by an informer who had informed the British police. The police surrounded the park and ordered Chandrasekhar Azad to surrender. Chandrasekhar Azad fought alone valiantly and killed three policemen. But finding himself surrounded and seeing no route for escape, Chandrasekhar Azad shot himself. Thus he kept his pledge of not being caught alive.
Azad is an icon to the Indians today. Alfred Park, where he was killed in an encounter with the police, has been renamed Chandrasekhar Azad Park. Several schools, colleges, roads and other public institutions across India are also named after him.
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